Using Stores

Models are typically used with a Store, which is basically a collection of model instances. Setting up a store and loading its data is done as follows:

Ext.create('', {
    model: 'User',
    proxy: {
        type: 'ajax',
        url : 'users.json',
        reader: 'json'
    autoLoad: true

In this example we configured the store to use an Ajax Proxy, providing the name of the URL from which to load data and the Reader used to decode the data. In this case the server is returning JSON, so we have set up a Json Reader to read the response.

The store automatically loads a set of User model instances from the users.json URL. This URL should return a JSON string similar to the following:

    success: true,
    users: [
        { id: 1, name: 'Greg' },
        { id: 2, name: 'Seth' }

Inline Data

Stores can also load their data inline. Internally, a Store converts each of the objects we pass in as data into Model instances:

Ext.create('', {
    model: 'User',
    data: [
        { firstName: 'Greg',    lastName: 'Barry' },
        { firstName: 'Seth', lastName: 'Lemmons' },
        { firstName: 'Mitch', lastName: 'Simoens' },
        { firstName: 'Fred', lastName: 'Mosby' }

Sorting and Grouping

Stores are able to perform sorting, filtering, and grouping locally, as well as to support remote sorting, filtering, and grouping:

Ext.create('', {
    model: 'User',

    sorters: ['name', 'id'],
    filters: {
        property: 'name',
        value   : 'Ed'
    groupField: 'age',
    groupDir: 'DESC'

In the store we have created, the data is sorted first by name, then by id; finally it is filtered to include only users with the name Ed, and the data is grouped by age in descending order. Using the Store API, you can change the sorting, filtering, and grouping at any time.

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