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Terms, Icons, and Labels

Many classes have shortcut names used when creating (instantiating) a class with a configuration object. The shortcut name is referred to as an alias (or xtype if the class extends Ext.Component). The alias/xtype is listed next to the class name of applicable classes for quick reference.

Access Levels

Framework classes or their members may be specified as private or protected. Else, the class / member is public. Public, protected, and private are access descriptors used to convey how and when the class or class member should be used.

Member Types

Member Syntax

Below is an example class member that we can disect to show the syntax of a class member (the lookupComponent method as viewed from the Ext.button.Button class in this case).

lookupComponent ( item ) : Ext.Component

Called when a raw config object is added to this container either during initialization of the items config, or when new items are added), or {@link #insert inserted.

This method converts the passed object into an instanced child component.

This may be overridden in subclasses when special processing needs to be applied to child creation.


item :  Object

The config object being added.


The component to be added.

Let's look at each part of the member row:

Member Flags

The API documentation uses a number of flags to further commnicate the class member's function and intent. The label may be represented by a text label, an abbreviation, or an icon.

Class Icons

- Indicates a framework class

- A singleton framework class. *See the singleton flag for more information

- A component-type framework class (any class within the Ext JS framework that extends Ext.Component)

- Indicates that the class, member, or guide is new in the currently viewed version

Member Icons

- Indicates a class member of type config

- Indicates a class member of type property

- Indicates a class member of type method

- Indicates a class member of type event

- Indicates a class member of type theme variable

- Indicates a class member of type theme mixin

- Indicates that the class, member, or guide is new in the currently viewed version

Class Member Quick-Nav Menu

Just below the class name on an API doc page is a row of buttons corresponding to the types of members owned by the current class. Each button shows a count of members by type (this count is updated as filters are applied). Clicking the button will navigate you to that member section. Hovering over the member-type button will reveal a popup menu of all members of that type for quick navigation.

Getter and Setter Methods

Getting and setter methods that correlate to a class config option will show up in the methods section as well as in the configs section of both the API doc and the member-type menus just beneath the config they work with. The getter and setter method documentation will be found in the config row for easy reference.

History Bar

Your page history is kept in localstorage and displayed (using the available real estate) just below the top title bar. By default, the only search results shown are the pages matching the product / version you're currently viewing. You can expand what is displayed by clicking on the button on the right-hand side of the history bar and choosing the "All" radio option. This will show all recent pages in the history bar for all products / versions.

Within the history config menu you will also see a listing of your recent page visits. The results are filtered by the "Current Product / Version" and "All" radio options. Clicking on the button will clear the history bar as well as the history kept in local storage.

If "All" is selected in the history config menu the checkbox option for "Show product details in the history bar" will be enabled. When checked, the product/version for each historic page will show alongside the page name in the history bar. Hovering the cursor over the page names in the history bar will also show the product/version as a tooltip.

Search and Filters

Both API docs and guides can be searched for using the search field at the top of the page.

On API doc pages there is also a filter input field that filters the member rows using the filter string. In addition to filtering by string you can filter the class members by access level, inheritance, and read only. This is done using the checkboxes at the top of the page.

The checkbox at the bottom of the API class navigation tree filters the class list to include or exclude private classes.

Clicking on an empty search field will show your last 10 searches for quick navigation.

API Doc Class Metadata

Each API doc page (with the exception of Javascript primitives pages) has a menu view of metadata relating to that class. This metadata view will have one or more of the following:

Expanding and Collapsing Examples and Class Members

Runnable examples (Fiddles) are expanded on a page by default. You can collapse and expand example code blocks individually using the arrow on the top-left of the code block. You can also toggle the collapse state of all examples using the toggle button on the top-right of the page. The toggle-all state will be remembered between page loads.

Class members are collapsed on a page by default. You can expand and collapse members using the arrow icon on the left of the member row or globally using the expand / collapse all toggle button top-right.

Desktop -vs- Mobile View

Viewing the docs on narrower screens or browsers will result in a view optimized for a smaller form factor. The primary differences between the desktop and "mobile" view are:

Viewing the Class Source

The class source can be viewed by clicking on the class name at the top of an API doc page. The source for class members can be viewed by clicking on the "view source" link on the right-hand side of the member row.

Ext JS 5.0.0


ViewModel Internals

Now that you've seen what a ViewModel can do, let's dig in a bit on what is happening under the covers. Having a basic understanding of the mechanics will help you diagnose issues because you will know what the ViewModel does with your declarations.

The ViewModel has two distinct jobs: managing changes to the data object and scheduling the bindings when data changes.

ViewModel Data and Inheritance

The ViewModel class manages a "data" object and it leverages the JavaScript prototype chain to provide value inheritance. Said in picture form:

This means that all components can read properties set by the top-level container (stored in its data object, "Data 1"). Say we have this in Container 1:

viewModel: {
    data: {
        foo: 42

This allows all components to bind to {foo}. This is typically used to track important records (like "currentUser" perhaps) that are needed at many levels of the application. In fact, because of the use of the JavaScript prototype chain to represent the data, publishing an object in the ViewModel is often a good idea if changes to properties are to be shared as well. To see why, consider a two-way binding to {foo} but in a child of Container 2:

    xtype: 'textfield',
    bind: '{foo}'

The text field will receive "42" via Data 2's prototype chain ultimately from Data 1. Changes made by this component, however, are stored on Data 2. This is because these components are bound to their ViewModel and its data object which means the two-way nature of the bind will effectively call set on ViewModel 2 which, acting as a normal JavaScript object, calls sets foo on Data 2. This "forking" can be a useful way to initialize values that are then separate by view.

To share "live" properties via inheritance, an object should be stored in the root ViewModel instead:

viewModel: {
    data: {
        stuff: {
            foo: 42

Now the two-way binding will update the "foo" property on the shared "stuff" object:

    xtype: 'textfield',
    bind: '{}'

Scheduling and Dependencies

The key to making data binding fast is to avoid redundant or unnecessary calculation.
To manage this, the ViewModel tracks the dependencies between data. Every binding and formula introduces a dependency. Under the hood, a ViewModel breaks these down one indirection at a time and creates a linear schedule. This schedule is processed on a delay when data is changed.

So if you set a value in the ViewModel or change a field of a record, you don't need to worry that a flood of recalculations will immediately take place. Likewise, if a formula depends on 7 values and you need to change all of them, the formula will only be recalculated once. To take it further, if you have 7 formulas, each using the other (so a chain 7 deep), and each depends on 7 other values, changes to all of the 49 values will cause each formula to be recalculated just once.

To achieve this, these dependencies have to be known to the ViewModel and they have to be acyclical. A cycle in the dependency graph is reported as an error. This is easy to see in this contrived example:

Ext.define('App.view.broken.BrokenModel', {
    extend: '',

    formulas: {
        bar: function (get) {
            return get('foo') / 2;
        foo: function (get) {
            return get('bar') * 2;

In real applications these bugs will likely not be so obvious, but clearly "foo" and "bar" depend on each other so there can be no sequence of evaluation for these two methods that yields a proper answer.

Formula Dependencies

When a formula uses an explicit bind then its dependencies are obvious. When a formula just provides a function or a get method, then the ViewModel parses the text of the function looking for property references. While this is extremely convenient and ensures that you don't forget to list a dependency in an explicit bind, there are limitations to this approach. For details on formula parsing, see

Ext JS 5.0.0