Ext JS 4.1.3 Sencha Docs

Ext.data.association.HasMany

Alternate names

Ext.data.HasManyAssociation

Hierarchy

Ext.Base
Ext.data.association.Association
Ext.data.association.HasMany

Requires

Files

Represents a one-to-many relationship between two models. Usually created indirectly via a model definition:

Ext.define('Product', {
    extend: 'Ext.data.Model',
    fields: [
        {name: 'id',      type: 'int'},
        {name: 'user_id', type: 'int'},
        {name: 'name',    type: 'string'}
    ]
});

Ext.define('User', {
    extend: 'Ext.data.Model',
    fields: [
        {name: 'id',   type: 'int'},
        {name: 'name', type: 'string'}
    ],
    // we can use the hasMany shortcut on the model to create a hasMany association
    hasMany: {model: 'Product', name: 'products'}
});

Above we created Product and User models, and linked them by saying that a User hasMany Products. This gives us a new function on every User instance, in this case the function is called 'products' because that is the name we specified in the association configuration above.

This new function returns a specialized Store which is automatically filtered to load only Products for the given model instance:

//first, we load up a User with id of 1
var user = Ext.create('User', {id: 1, name: 'Ed'});

//the user.products function was created automatically by the association and returns a Store
//the created store is automatically scoped to the set of Products for the User with id of 1
var products = user.products();

//we still have all of the usual Store functions, for example it's easy to add a Product for this User
products.add({
    name: 'Another Product'
});

//saves the changes to the store - this automatically sets the new Product's user_id to 1 before saving
products.sync();

The new Store is only instantiated the first time you call products() to conserve memory and processing time, though calling products() a second time returns the same store instance.

Custom filtering

The Store is automatically furnished with a filter - by default this filter tells the store to only return records where the associated model's foreign key matches the owner model's primary key. For example, if a User with ID = 100 hasMany Products, the filter loads only Products with user_id == 100.

Sometimes we want to filter by another field - for example in the case of a Twitter search application we may have models for Search and Tweet:

Ext.define('Search', {
    extend: 'Ext.data.Model',
    fields: [
        'id', 'query'
    ],

    hasMany: {
        model: 'Tweet',
        name : 'tweets',
        filterProperty: 'query'
    }
});

Ext.define('Tweet', {
    extend: 'Ext.data.Model',
    fields: [
        'id', 'text', 'from_user'
    ]
});

//returns a Store filtered by the filterProperty
var store = new Search({query: 'Sencha Touch'}).tweets();

The tweets association above is filtered by the query property by setting the filterProperty, and is equivalent to this:

var store = Ext.create('Ext.data.Store', {
    model: 'Tweet',
    filters: [
        {
            property: 'query',
            value   : 'Sencha Touch'
        }
    ]
});

Available since: 4.0.0

Defined By

Config options

The string name of the model that is being associated with. ...

The string name of the model that is being associated with.

NB! This config is required when instantiating the Association directly. When defining the association as a config object inside Model, the model configuration will shadow this config.

Available since: 4.0.0

The name of the property in the data to read the association from. ...

The name of the property in the data to read the association from. Defaults to the name of the associated model.

Available since: 4.0.0

Ext.data.association.HasMany
view source
: Boolean
True to automatically load the related store from a remote source when instantiated. ...

True to automatically load the related store from a remote source when instantiated. Defaults to false.

Available since: 4.0.0

Ext.data.association.HasMany
view source
: String
Optionally overrides the default filter that is set up on the associated Store. ...

Optionally overrides the default filter that is set up on the associated Store. If this is not set, a filter is automatically created which filters the association based on the configured foreignKey. See intro docs for more details. Defaults to undefined

Available since: 4.0.0

Ext.data.association.HasMany
view source
: String
The name of the foreign key on the associated model that links it to the owner model. ...

The name of the foreign key on the associated model that links it to the owner model. Defaults to the lowercased name of the owner model plus "_id", e.g. an association with a where a model called Group hasMany Users would create 'group_id' as the foreign key. When the remote store is loaded, the store is automatically filtered so that only records with a matching foreign key are included in the resulting child store. This can be overridden by specifying the filterProperty.

Ext.define('Group', {
    extend: 'Ext.data.Model',
    fields: ['id', 'name'],
    hasMany: 'User'
});

Ext.define('User', {
    extend: 'Ext.data.Model',
    fields: ['id', 'name', 'group_id'], // refers to the id of the group that this user belongs to
    belongsTo: 'Group'
});

Available since: 4.0.0

The string name of the model that is being associated with. ...

The string name of the model that is being associated with.

This config option is to be used when defining the association as a config object within Model. The value is then mapped to associatedModel when Association is instantiated inside Model.

Available since: 4.1.1

Ext.data.association.HasMany
view source
: String
The name of the function to create on the owner model to retrieve the child store. ...

The name of the function to create on the owner model to retrieve the child store. If not specified, the pluralized name of the child model is used.

// This will create a users() method on any Group model instance
Ext.define('Group', {
    extend: 'Ext.data.Model',
    fields: ['id', 'name'],
    hasMany: 'User'
});
var group = new Group();
console.log(group.users());

// The method to retrieve the users will now be getUserList
Ext.define('Group', {
    extend: 'Ext.data.Model',
    fields: ['id', 'name'],
    hasMany: {model: 'User', name: 'getUserList'}
});
var group = new Group();
console.log(group.getUserList());

Available since: 4.0.0

The string name of the model that owns the association. ...

The string name of the model that owns the association.

NB! This config is required when instantiating the Association directly. However, it cannot be used at all when defining the association as a config object inside Model, because the name of the model itself will be supplied automatically as the value of this config.

Available since: 4.0.0

The name of the primary key on the associated model. ...

The name of the primary key on the associated model. In general this will be the Ext.data.Model.idProperty of the Model.

Defaults to: 'id'

Available since: 4.0.0

A special reader to read associated data

A special reader to read associated data

Available since: 4.0.0

Ext.data.association.HasMany
view source
: Object
Optional configuration object that will be passed to the generated Store. ...

Optional configuration object that will be passed to the generated Store. Defaults to undefined.

Available since: 4.0.0

Ext.data.association.HasMany
view source
: String
The type configuration can be used when creating associations using a configuration object. ...

The type configuration can be used when creating associations using a configuration object. Use 'hasMany' to create a HasMany association

associations: [{
    type: 'hasMany',
    model: 'User'
}]

Available since: 4.0.0

Properties

Defined By

Instance properties

...

Defaults to: 'Ext.Base'

Available since: 4.1.1

The name of the model is on the other end of the association (e.g. ...

The name of the model is on the other end of the association (e.g. if a User model hasMany Orders, this is 'Order')

Available since: 4.0.0

...

Defaults to: {}

Available since: 4.1.1

...

Defaults to: []

Available since: 4.1.1

...

Defaults to: {}

Available since: 4.1.1

...

Defaults to: true

Available since: 4.1.1

...

Defaults to: true

Available since: 4.1.1

The name of the model that 'owns' the association

The name of the model that 'owns' the association

Available since: 4.0.0

Get the reference to the current class from which this object was instantiated. ...

Get the reference to the current class from which this object was instantiated. Unlike statics, this.self is scope-dependent and it's meant to be used for dynamic inheritance. See statics for a detailed comparison

Ext.define('My.Cat', {
    statics: {
        speciesName: 'Cat' // My.Cat.speciesName = 'Cat'
    },

    constructor: function() {
        alert(this.self.speciesName); // dependent on 'this'
    },

    clone: function() {
        return new this.self();
    }
});


Ext.define('My.SnowLeopard', {
    extend: 'My.Cat',
    statics: {
        speciesName: 'Snow Leopard'         // My.SnowLeopard.speciesName = 'Snow Leopard'
    }
});

var cat = new My.Cat();                     // alerts 'Cat'
var snowLeopard = new My.SnowLeopard();     // alerts 'Snow Leopard'

var clone = snowLeopard.clone();
alert(Ext.getClassName(clone));             // alerts 'My.SnowLeopard'

Available since: 4.0.0

Defined By

Static properties

...

Defaults to: []

Available since: 4.1.1

Methods

Defined By

Instance methods

Creates the Association object. ...

Creates the Association object.

Available since: 4.0.0

Parameters

  • config : Object (optional)

    Config object.

Returns

Fires

    ( args ) : Objectdeprecatedprotected
    Call the original method that was previously overridden with override Ext.define('My.Cat', { constructor: functi...

    Call the original method that was previously overridden with override

    Ext.define('My.Cat', {
        constructor: function() {
            alert("I'm a cat!");
        }
    });
    
    My.Cat.override({
        constructor: function() {
            alert("I'm going to be a cat!");
    
            this.callOverridden();
    
            alert("Meeeeoooowwww");
        }
    });
    
    var kitty = new My.Cat(); // alerts "I'm going to be a cat!"
                              // alerts "I'm a cat!"
                              // alerts "Meeeeoooowwww"
    

    Available since: 4.0.0

    This method has been deprecated

    as of 4.1. Use callParent instead.

    Parameters

    • args : Array/Arguments

      The arguments, either an array or the arguments object from the current method, for example: this.callOverridden(arguments)

    Returns

    • Object

      Returns the result of calling the overridden method

    Call the "parent" method of the current method. ...

    Call the "parent" method of the current method. That is the method previously overridden by derivation or by an override (see Ext.define).

     Ext.define('My.Base', {
         constructor: function (x) {
             this.x = x;
         },
    
         statics: {
             method: function (x) {
                 return x;
             }
         }
     });
    
     Ext.define('My.Derived', {
         extend: 'My.Base',
    
         constructor: function () {
             this.callParent([21]);
         }
     });
    
     var obj = new My.Derived();
    
     alert(obj.x);  // alerts 21
    

    This can be used with an override as follows:

     Ext.define('My.DerivedOverride', {
         override: 'My.Derived',
    
         constructor: function (x) {
             this.callParent([x*2]); // calls original My.Derived constructor
         }
     });
    
     var obj = new My.Derived();
    
     alert(obj.x);  // now alerts 42
    

    This also works with static methods.

     Ext.define('My.Derived2', {
         extend: 'My.Base',
    
         statics: {
             method: function (x) {
                 return this.callParent([x*2]); // calls My.Base.method
             }
         }
     });
    
     alert(My.Base.method(10);     // alerts 10
     alert(My.Derived2.method(10); // alerts 20
    

    Lastly, it also works with overridden static methods.

     Ext.define('My.Derived2Override', {
         override: 'My.Derived2',
    
         statics: {
             method: function (x) {
                 return this.callParent([x*2]); // calls My.Derived2.method
             }
         }
     });
    
     alert(My.Derived2.method(10); // now alerts 40
    

    To override a method and replace it and also call the superclass method, use callSuper. This is often done to patch a method to fix a bug.

    Available since: 4.0.0

    Parameters

    • args : Array/Arguments

      The arguments, either an array or the arguments object from the current method, for example: this.callParent(arguments)

    Returns

    • Object

      Returns the result of calling the parent method

    ( args ) : Objectprotected
    This method is used by an override to call the superclass method but bypass any overridden method. ...

    This method is used by an override to call the superclass method but bypass any overridden method. This is often done to "patch" a method that contains a bug but for whatever reason cannot be fixed directly.

    Consider:

     Ext.define('Ext.some.Class', {
         method: function () {
             console.log('Good');
         }
     });
    
     Ext.define('Ext.some.DerivedClass', {
         method: function () {
             console.log('Bad');
    
             // ... logic but with a bug ...
    
             this.callParent();
         }
     });
    

    To patch the bug in DerivedClass.method, the typical solution is to create an override:

     Ext.define('App.paches.DerivedClass', {
         override: 'Ext.some.DerivedClass',
    
         method: function () {
             console.log('Fixed');
    
             // ... logic but with bug fixed ...
    
             this.callSuper();
         }
     });
    

    The patch method cannot use callParent to call the superclass method since that would call the overridden method containing the bug. In other words, the above patch would only produce "Fixed" then "Good" in the console log, whereas, using callParent would produce "Fixed" then "Bad" then "Good".

    Available since: Ext JS 4.1.3

    Parameters

    • args : Array/Arguments

      The arguments, either an array or the arguments object from the current method, for example: this.callSuper(arguments)

    Returns

    • Object

      Returns the result of calling the superclass method

    ...

    Available since: 4.1.1

    Ext.data.association.HasMany
    view source
    ( ) : Functionprivate
    Creates a function that returns an Ext.data.Store which is configured to load a set of data filtered by the owner mod...

    Creates a function that returns an Ext.data.Store which is configured to load a set of data filtered by the owner model's primary key - e.g. in a hasMany association where Group hasMany Users, this function returns a Store configured to return the filtered set of a single Group's Users.

    Available since: 4.0.0

    Returns

    Fires

      ...

      Available since: 4.1.0

      Parameters

      Returns the initial configuration passed to constructor when instantiating this class. ...

      Returns the initial configuration passed to constructor when instantiating this class.

      Available since: 4.1.0

      Parameters

      • name : String (optional)

        Name of the config option to return.

      Returns

      • Object/Mixed

        The full config object or a single config value when name parameter specified.

      Get a specialized reader for reading associated data ...

      Get a specialized reader for reading associated data

      Available since: 4.0.0

      Returns

      ...

      Available since: 4.1.0

      Parameters

      ( config ) : Ext.Basechainableprotected
      Initialize configuration for this class. ...

      Initialize configuration for this class. a typical example:

      Ext.define('My.awesome.Class', {
          // The default config
          config: {
              name: 'Awesome',
              isAwesome: true
          },
      
          constructor: function(config) {
              this.initConfig(config);
          }
      });
      
      var awesome = new My.awesome.Class({
          name: 'Super Awesome'
      });
      
      alert(awesome.getName()); // 'Super Awesome'
      

      Available since: 4.0.0

      Parameters

      Returns

      ( names, callback, scope )private
      ...

      Available since: 4.1.0

      Parameters

      Ext.data.association.HasMany
      view source
      ( record, reader, associationData )private
      Read associated data ...

      Read associated data

      Available since: 4.0.0

      Parameters

      ( config, applyIfNotSet ) : Ext.Basechainableprivate
      ...

      Available since: 4.0.0

      Parameters

      Returns

      Get the reference to the class from which this object was instantiated. ...

      Get the reference to the class from which this object was instantiated. Note that unlike self, this.statics() is scope-independent and it always returns the class from which it was called, regardless of what this points to during run-time

      Ext.define('My.Cat', {
          statics: {
              totalCreated: 0,
              speciesName: 'Cat' // My.Cat.speciesName = 'Cat'
          },
      
          constructor: function() {
              var statics = this.statics();
      
              alert(statics.speciesName);     // always equals to 'Cat' no matter what 'this' refers to
                                              // equivalent to: My.Cat.speciesName
      
              alert(this.self.speciesName);   // dependent on 'this'
      
              statics.totalCreated++;
          },
      
          clone: function() {
              var cloned = new this.self;                      // dependent on 'this'
      
              cloned.groupName = this.statics().speciesName;   // equivalent to: My.Cat.speciesName
      
              return cloned;
          }
      });
      
      
      Ext.define('My.SnowLeopard', {
          extend: 'My.Cat',
      
          statics: {
              speciesName: 'Snow Leopard'     // My.SnowLeopard.speciesName = 'Snow Leopard'
          },
      
          constructor: function() {
              this.callParent();
          }
      });
      
      var cat = new My.Cat();                 // alerts 'Cat', then alerts 'Cat'
      
      var snowLeopard = new My.SnowLeopard(); // alerts 'Cat', then alerts 'Snow Leopard'
      
      var clone = snowLeopard.clone();
      alert(Ext.getClassName(clone));         // alerts 'My.SnowLeopard'
      alert(clone.groupName);                 // alerts 'Cat'
      
      alert(My.Cat.totalCreated);             // alerts 3
      

      Available since: 4.0.0

      Returns

      Defined By

      Static methods

      ( config )privatestatic
      ...

      Available since: 4.1.1

      Parameters

      ( members )chainableprivatestatic
      ...

      Available since: 4.1.1

      Parameters

      ( name, member )chainableprivatestatic
      ...

      Available since: 4.1.1

      Parameters

      ( members )chainablestatic
      Add methods / properties to the prototype of this class. ...

      Add methods / properties to the prototype of this class.

      Ext.define('My.awesome.Cat', {
          constructor: function() {
              ...
          }
      });
      
       My.awesome.Cat.addMembers({
           meow: function() {
              alert('Meowww...');
           }
       });
      
       var kitty = new My.awesome.Cat;
       kitty.meow();
      

      Available since: 4.1.0

      Parameters

      ( members ) : Ext.Basechainablestatic
      Add / override static properties of this class. ...

      Add / override static properties of this class.

      Ext.define('My.cool.Class', {
          ...
      });
      
      My.cool.Class.addStatics({
          someProperty: 'someValue',      // My.cool.Class.someProperty = 'someValue'
          method1: function() { ... },    // My.cool.Class.method1 = function() { ... };
          method2: function() { ... }     // My.cool.Class.method2 = function() { ... };
      });
      

      Available since: 4.0.2

      Parameters

      Returns

      ( xtype )chainableprivatestatic
      ...

      Available since: 4.1.1

      Parameters

      ( fromClass, members ) : Ext.Basechainableprivatestatic
      Borrow another class' members to the prototype of this class. ...

      Borrow another class' members to the prototype of this class.

      Ext.define('Bank', {
          money: '$$$',
          printMoney: function() {
              alert('$$$$$$$');
          }
      });
      
      Ext.define('Thief', {
          ...
      });
      
      Thief.borrow(Bank, ['money', 'printMoney']);
      
      var steve = new Thief();
      
      alert(steve.money); // alerts '$$$'
      steve.printMoney(); // alerts '$$$$$$$'
      

      Available since: 4.0.2

      Parameters

      • fromClass : Ext.Base

        The class to borrow members from

      • members : Array/String

        The names of the members to borrow

      Returns

      ( alias, origin )static
      Create aliases for existing prototype methods. ...

      Create aliases for existing prototype methods. Example:

      Ext.define('My.cool.Class', {
          method1: function() { ... },
          method2: function() { ... }
      });
      
      var test = new My.cool.Class();
      
      My.cool.Class.createAlias({
          method3: 'method1',
          method4: 'method2'
      });
      
      test.method3(); // test.method1()
      
      My.cool.Class.createAlias('method5', 'method3');
      
      test.method5(); // test.method3() -> test.method1()
      

      Available since: 4.0.2

      Parameters

      ( config )privatestatic
      ...

      Available since: 4.1.1

      Parameters

      Get the current class' name in string format. ...

      Get the current class' name in string format.

      Ext.define('My.cool.Class', {
          constructor: function() {
              alert(this.self.getName()); // alerts 'My.cool.Class'
          }
      });
      
      My.cool.Class.getName(); // 'My.cool.Class'
      

      Available since: 4.0.4

      Returns

      ( )deprecatedstatic
      Adds members to class. ...

      Adds members to class.

      Available since: 4.0.2

      This method has been deprecated since 4.1

      Use addMembers instead.

      ( name, mixinClass )chainableprivatestatic
      Used internally by the mixins pre-processor ...

      Used internally by the mixins pre-processor

      Available since: 4.1.1

      Parameters

      ( fn, scope )chainableprivatestatic
      ...

      Available since: 4.1.1

      Parameters

      ( members ) : Ext.Basechainabledeprecatedstatic
      Override members of this class. ...

      Override members of this class. Overridden methods can be invoked via callParent.

      Ext.define('My.Cat', {
          constructor: function() {
              alert("I'm a cat!");
          }
      });
      
      My.Cat.override({
          constructor: function() {
              alert("I'm going to be a cat!");
      
              this.callParent(arguments);
      
              alert("Meeeeoooowwww");
          }
      });
      
      var kitty = new My.Cat(); // alerts "I'm going to be a cat!"
                                // alerts "I'm a cat!"
                                // alerts "Meeeeoooowwww"
      

      As of 4.1, direct use of this method is deprecated. Use Ext.define instead:

      Ext.define('My.CatOverride', {
          override: 'My.Cat',
          constructor: function() {
              alert("I'm going to be a cat!");
      
              this.callParent(arguments);
      
              alert("Meeeeoooowwww");
          }
      });
      

      The above accomplishes the same result but can be managed by the Ext.Loader which can properly order the override and its target class and the build process can determine whether the override is needed based on the required state of the target class (My.Cat).

      Available since: 4.0.2

      This method has been deprecated since 4.1.0

      Use Ext.define instead

      Parameters

      • members : Object

        The properties to add to this class. This should be specified as an object literal containing one or more properties.

      Returns

      ...

      Available since: 4.1.1